EB-5 PROGRAM | 关于投资移民

EB-5 Overview

The USCIS administers the Immigrant Investor Program, also known as “EB-5,” created by Congress in 1990 to stimulate the U.S. economy through job creation and capital investment by foreign investors.


Under a pilot immigration program first enacted in 1992 and regularly reauthorized since, certain EB-5 visas also are set aside for investors in Regional Centers designated by USCIS based on proposals for promoting economic growth.


All EB-5 investors must invest in a new commercial enterprise, which is a commercial enterprise:


  • Established after Nov. 29, 1990, or
  • Established on or before Nov. 29, 1990, that is 1) Purchased and the existing business is restructured or reorganized in such a way that a new commercial enterprise results, or 2) Expanded through the investment so that a 40-percent increase in the net worth or number of employees occurs.

Job Creation Requirements

  • Create or preserve at least 10 full-time jobs for qualifying U.S. workers within two years (or under certain circumstances, within a reasonable time after the two-year period) of the immigrant investor’s admission to the United States as a Conditional Permanent Resident.
  • Create or preserve either direct or indirect jobs.

Capital Investment Requirements


Capital means cash, equipment, inventory, other tangible property, cash equivalents and indebtedness secured by assets owned by the alien entrepreneur, provided that the alien entrepreneur is personally and primarily liable and that the assets of the new commercial enterprise upon which the petition is based are not used to secure any of the indebtedness. All capital shall be valued at fair-market value in United States dollars. Assets acquired, directly or indirectly, by unlawful means (such as criminal activities) shall not be considered capital for the purposes of section 203(b)(5) of the Act.


Required minimum investments are:


  • General. The minimum qualifying investment in the United States is $1 million.
  • Targeted Employment Area (High Unemployment or Rural Area). The minimum qualifying investment either within a high-unemployment area or rural area in the United States is $500,000.


targeted employment area is an area that, at the time of investment, is a rural area or an area experiencing unemployment of at least 150 percent of the national average rate.


rural area is any area outside a metropolitan statistical area (as designated by the Office of Management and Budget) or outside the boundary of any city or town having a population of 20,000 or more according to the decennial census.







– 1990年11月29日之后成立;

– 成立于1990年11月29日或之前的企业需满足以下条件:




  • 在投资者获得美国条件性永久居民权后的两年内(或者特殊情况下在两年后一段合理时间内),为符合条件的美国人创造或保存至少10个全职就业机会。
  • 所被创造或保存的工作岗位可以通过直接或间接的形式获得。







  •  一般情况,在美国最低的合格投资金额为 100万美元。
  •  如果投资的目标就业区为高失业率地区或农村地区,则最低的合格投资金额
  •  为50万美元。


* 所谓的目标就业区是指一个区域。